Amsterdam: Botanical Garden Hortus Botanicus

The Hortus Botanicus is a botanical garden located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the world, having been founded in 1638 by the city of Amsterdam to serve as a herb garden for doctors and pharmacists.

The garden covers an area of approximately 1 hectare and is home to over 4,000 plant species from around the world, including both native and exotic species. It has a range of outdoor and indoor plant collections, including a large tropical greenhouse with plants from various climate zones, a Mediterranean garden, a rock garden, a historical garden with plants from the Dutch Golden Age, and an extensive collection of bulbs and flowers.

One of the highlights of the garden is its collection of rare and endangered plants, including several species that are extinct in the wild. The garden also has a strong focus on plant conservation and research, with several research facilities and laboratories on site.

The Hortus Botanicus is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike, attracting thousands of visitors each year. It hosts a range of educational programs and events throughout the year, including guided tours, lectures, and workshops for children and adults.

Overall, the Hortus Botanicus is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in plants, nature, and history. It offers a unique and fascinating experience, with something for everyone to enjoy.